There is a thick line between life and death, a thick line between existing and disappearing. Feeling something unusual happening in our bodies, in our skin, those signs we feel, if it’s giving the biggest importance is a lifesaver.
Melanoma is declared by the American Academy of dermatology as the second most common form of skin cancer among women under 29. This article talks about skin cancer prevention tips most women forget.
So, what’s exactly Melanoma? How it can be examined? How can we prevent it from spreading in our bodies, in order to complete the course of our life peacefully?
Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that begins in the cells also called melanocytes that control the pigment in our skin, those melanocytes start to grow abnormally causing this disease, its propagation in other organs of the body is expected if not treated Early.
Observing our bodies’ changes, our bodies’ weakness is vital to notice the symptoms of Melanoma. Usually, there’s no big difference between its symptoms for women or men although it is more common in women. The melanoma cells which produce melamine contribute to forms moles that often appear Black or Brown. Those moles are fairer in a lighter complexion.
1.WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF MELANOMA OR SKIN CANCER?
Melanoma can occur anywhere on the body, including areas that are not exposed to the sun’s damaging ultraviolet rays such as the bottom of the feet, hands, and even underneath fingernails.
For women, the areas attacked by melanoma are the face, chest, and leg. Certainly, This disease is far away From being limited, it attacks not only the skin’s surface but can be developed in parts of the body never expected, including the rectum, eyes, mouth, and genitals. That is had been proving by several studies.
Although melanoma can affect men and women, there’s a high potential that this disease, According to the American Cancer Society, can impact Caucasian women more than African-American and other darker-skinned women.
However, it is worth noting that those with dark skin often develop melanoma on parts of the body where their Caucasian counterparts generally do not, including on the palms of their hands and bottom of their feet.
2.HOW TO DETECT MELANOMA EARLY?
“Winning against melanoma means gaining Time“. The earlier it is detected and treated the better are the chances to survive. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, when melanoma is detected early, the 5-year survival rate is as high as 99 percent.
To detect skin cancer early, regular self-exams have to be performed at least once per month, which can be helpful to quickly notice changes in the appearance of moles or freckles on the skin. Besides the brown or black moles, signs of melanoma can include the following :
- Noticeable changes in the shape, color, r size of existing moles;
- Existing moles that become itchy or painful;
- Existing moles that start to bleed;
- New moles or freckles;
- Sores take a long time to heal.
Most general physicians, oncologists, and dermatologists keep giving guidance about this disease especially for those who are at high risk of suffering from it. It’s major to perform self-exams as frequently as possible for those who have an above-average risk of developing this type of cancer including :
First: hose with a family history of melanoma. Secondly, hose previously diagnosed with melanoma, and finally Those who have dysplastic nevus syndrome ( unusual moles with irregular features). Observing any symptoms related to this disease means scheduling a quick appointment with a physician.
3.WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSIDER SCHEDULING AN APPOINTMENT WITH A PHYSICIAN?
it’s commonly advised to schedule this kind of appointment when there’s a family history of Melanoma. Telling the physician observations about your vulnerability to this disease is important. In this appointment, the physician will look at moles and freckles to determine if they may be cancerous.
When suspecting cancer, a biopsy is likely to be performed. This procedure requires cutting away a part of the mole or other marks on the skin and having it evaluated by a pathologist. If the results confirm cancer, the physician will then outline a course of treatment.
4.WHAT ARE THE BEST SKIN CANCER PREVENTION TIPS?
Even though this disease is dangerous, there are some skin cancer prevention tips any women can prevent herself or at least reduce their risk of developing Melanoma by following Those instructions :
Avoid Excessive sun exposure:
In spite of the fact that the sun is the best source of vitamin D, being exposed excessively to the can increase the risk of developing Melanoma. If it happens that you are in direct sunlight for any length of time, use sunscreen, preferably one that is SPF 30 or above. Also, wear a hat to protect your scalp and sunglasses to protect your eyes as the disease can form on these parts of the body as well.
Avoid indoor tanning:
If you are eager to visit tanning salons, I advise you to reconsider your decision. Studies show that the UV lights and sunlamps used there are damaging as natural sunlight. It is stated by a study published by the National Institute of Health that tanning can increase the risk of melanoma by as much as 20 percent. This rate rises among those who start tanning before the age of 30.
Stay healthy in general:
The immune system, that amazing network of fighting cells, can be our savior. According to several studies, a strong immune system helps to reduce the risk of melanoma. Here’s how we can boost it naturally :
- Not smoking;
- Consuming a healthy, well-balanced diet;
- Maintaining a healthy weight;
- Limiting alcohol consumption;
- Getting enough sleep;
- Reducing stress.
Creating safe lifestyle decisions does not eliminate cancer but it goes a long way towards reducing the risk of contracting the disease. Some diseases can adversely affect the immune system, according to the American Cancer Society, mostly it increases the risk of developing melanoma.
Some of these diseases include HIV and AIDS. Nonetheless, by practicing safe sex and not taking part in intravenous drug use you can prevent that. Diabetes also may have an adverse effect on the immune system.
5.HOW DO DOCTORS TREAT SKIN CANCER?
Nevertheless, taking insulin as prescribed can help to reduce the risks of melanoma or diabetics complications. It’s not only some diseases that could help to develop melanoma there are also some medications that people take to cure other diseases that may also have a detrimental effect on the immune system. Such drugs are those for autoimmune diseases, chemotherapy, and transplant rejection.
This is not, of course, to say that one stops taking such medications to hinder cancer. However, it is still worth noting. Talking about how do doctors treat melanoma, After receiving the diagnosis of melanoma and knowing the size and the stage of cancer, doctors can begin the treatment. the best treatment for early-stage melanomas usually includes surgery to remove the melanoma.
if it spreading beyond the skin, treatment options may include Immunotherapy, Targeted Therapy, Chemotherapy, and Radiation therapy. Based on how far the disease has progressed, melanoma may be treated by a dermatologist, radiation oncologist, medical oncologist, surgical oncologist, or dermatologist.
If you’re suffering from melanoma, cancer may have started the fight, nonetheless, you have the will to finish it. As a matter of fact that women have a high potential of suffering from this disease, it is said that “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.” we can reduce the risk of developing Melanoma or any other skin cancer by performing self-exams, Making our health a priority, observing our bodies changes and Taking precautions when being exposed to the sun.
If you think you have any symptoms of Melanoma, an urgent appointment with the physician is needed. Early detection can greatly improve your chances of survival because your life matters and you can live so many coming years healthier.